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Tree Inventory

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Common NameScientific NameZonesSunMature Height (ft)NativeNotes
American BasswoodTilia americana3-7Full sun to partial shade70🌎Best in moist soils, but can tolerate drier soils. Has small pale yellow flowers in clusters.
American HornbeamCarpinus caroliniana3-7Sun to Shade25🌎Tolerant to most soil types, and periodic flooding. An understory tree.
American WitchhazelHamamelis virginiana3-8Full sun to partial shade30🌎Avoid alkaline soil
American YellowwoodCladrastic kentukea4-8Full sun40🌎Has clusters of fragrant white flowers, proper care is needed as tree can be damaged in ice storms.
Bald CypressTaxodium distichum4-10Full sun70🌎Avoid alkaline soils and can tolerate flooding. Long living – 600 year trees have been identified.
Black CherryPrunus serotina3-8Full sun50🌎Tolerates most soils. Fruit is edible but bitter to the taste, and only used for flavoring.
Black GumNyssa sylvatica4-9Full sun to partial shade40🌎Called the common tupelo in some areas. Avoid alkaline soils for best growth, moist conditions are tolerated.
Black OakQuercus velutina3-9Full sun60🌎Perfers well-drained soil, both alkaline and acidic.
Black WalnutJuglans negra4-9Full sun to partial shade80🌎Tolerant of most soil conditions. Fruits are attractive to squirrels and other animals. Walnuts are edible but were a gigantic pain for the auction author to open when attempted.
Blackjack OakQuercus marilandica5-8Full sun40🌎A smaller oak, seldom reaching the 70-80 foot heights of some other species.
Bur OakQuercus macrocarpa3-8Full sun70🌎Moderate levels of moisture is ideal for soil choice.
ButternutCarya cordiformis (On site as Juglans cinerea)3-7Full sun50🌎Tolerant to most types of soil. Also known as white walnut in certain parts of the United States.
Cherrybark OakQuercus pagoda6-9Full sun70🌎Prefers moist, loamy soil. Acorns develop over two years.
Chestnut OakQuercus montana4-8Full sun70🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Similar to Swamp Chestnut Oak.
Chinese ChestnutCastanea mollissima4-8Full sun50🌎Avoid alkaline soil, drought-tolerant. Plant in clusters / pairs for pollination
Chinquapin OakQuercus muehlenbergii4-7Full sun40🌎Does best in well-drained areas
Common ChokecherryPrunus virginiana2-6Full sun to partial shade30🌎Small tree or large shrub, depending on location. Berries have a bitter taste, leading to the name of chokeberry. Plant can sustain a wide variety of wildlife from fruits, leaves, seeds, and even new growth. New growth can be poisonous, similar to certain portions of a black walnut tree.
Dawn RedwoodMetasequoia glyptostroboides5-8Full sun80🌏Avoid alkaline soil, plant in areas with sufficient space. On conservation lists, originally from small area in Hubei China.
Downy ServiceberryAmelanchier arborea5-8Full sun to partial shade30🌎All serviceberries have edible fruits, but flavor depends on type. Pollinated by bees.
Eastern WahooEuonymous atropurpureus4-9Full sun to partial shade25🌎Tolerant to most soil types.
English OakQuercus robur4-8Full sun60🌍Perfers well-drained soil, both alkaline and acidic.
English WalnutJuglans regia5-9Full sun50🌍Tolerant to most soil types.
European BeechFagus sylvatica4-7Full sun to partial shade50🌍Has irregular shape which can be managed by pruning. Interesting chestnut like seeds make it different than an American Beech.
European HornbeamOstrya carpinifolia4-8Full sun60🌍Tolerant to most soil types.
European Linden TreeTilia tomentosa4-7Full sun to partial shade50🌍Leaves are dark green or silver white dependent on side seen.
GingkoGingko biloba3-8Full sun to partial shade50🌏Tolerant to most soil types. Best is sandy, moderately moist soil.
Golden Rain TreeKoelreuteria paniculata5-9Full sun35🌍Tolerant to most soil types.
Green Giant ArborvitaeThuja standishii x plicata β€˜Green Giant’5-7Full sun to partial shade50🌎Avoid poorly drained / wet soilds. Salt sensitivity has been reported.
HackberryCeltis occidentalis3-9Full sun50🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Resistant to strong winds and tolerates air pollution.
Hardy ApricotPrunus armeniaca5-8Full sun40🌎Cultivated as a fruit tree, the most common species of apricot. Apricot seeds and kernels contain chemical compounds that will be converted in cyanide if eaten by humans.
Hop HornbeamOstrya virginiana3-7Sun to Shade25🌎Tolerant to most soil types, and periodic flooding.
Japanese Elm (zelkova)Zelkova serrata5-8Full sun80🌏Tolerant to most soil types. Drought tolerant once established.
Japanese MapleAcer palmatum5-9Full sun to partial shade25🌏Prefers well-drained soil, protect from winds if possible.
KatsuraCercidiphyllum japonicum4-8Full sun to partial shade60🌏Originally from China and Japan, this deciduous tree is a dense pyramidal tree with flowers and winged seeds. Decaying fall leaves can smell like caramel or cotton candy. Great for large spaces or as a street tree.
Kentucky Coffee TreeGymnocladus dioicus3-8Full sun70🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Drought tolerant once established.
Lacebark ElmUlmus parvifolia5-9Full sun to partial shade50🌏Tolerant to most types. More disease and cold weather resistant than other elm species available.
Larch (Tamarack)Larix decidua1-7Full sun60🌎Best in moist, well-drained soils. Native habitat is bog edges.
Little Leaf LindenTilia cordata3-7Full sun to partial shade50🌎Avoid persistently wet areas, sensitive to road salt
London PlanetreePlatanus x acerifolia5-8Full sun to partial shade80🌎London planetree is a hybrid resulting from a cross between the native sycamore and the non-native Asian planetree. Like sycamore, this is a large tree with beautiful peeling bark.
Mocknut HickoryCarya tomentosa4-8Full sun to partial shade50🌎Native to Illinois, tolerates dry sites fairly well. Has tap-root so will be difficult to transplant for first location.
Northern CatalpaCatalpa speciosa4-8Full sun to partial shade50🌎Tolerant to most types. Avoid planting near sidewalks, fruit can be hazardous
Northern White CedarThuja occidentalis2-7Full sun40🌎Avoid alkaline soils. Prefers sandy, well-drained soils.
Norway SprucePicea abies3-7Full sun50🌍A large, pyramidal tree with weeping branches and long, cylindrical cones.
Ohio BuckeyeAesculus glabra4-9Full sun40🌎Prefers moist, slightly acidic soil for best growth.
Osage OrangeMaclura pomifera4-9Full sun to partial shade30🌎Fruit on female trees. Needs care as can spread over time into multiple trees
Overcup OakQuercus lyrata5-9Full sun to partial shade70🌎Prefers well-drained soil, can tolerate flooding
Paperbark MapleAcer griseum4-8Full sun to partial shade30🌏Tolerant to most soil types. Tolerates urban environments – planted as the canopy for the 9/11 memorial at the Pentagon.
PawpawAsimina triloba5-8Sun to Shade25🌎Performs best in moist, slightly acidic soil. Fruit is edible and tastes like pear + banana.
PecanCarya illinoinensis6-9Full sun80🌎Tolerant to most types. Multiple trees are needed for pollination.
PersimmonDiospyros virginiana4-9Full sun60🌎Tolerate in most soils. Fruit is edible.
Pignut HickoryCarya glabra4-9Full sun to partial shade70🌎Best in well-drained soils with significant moisture. Plant is intorant to full shade and needs a large space to reach maximum size.
Pin OakQuercus palustris4-8Full sun65🌎Prefers well-drained soil, can tolerate flooding
Pitch x Loblolly PinePinus rigida x taeda4-8Full sun60🌎Tolerant to most soil types and conditions. Hybrid of Loblolly and Pitch pine species.
Pond CypressTaxodium ascendens5-8Full sun70🌎Native tree tolerate to both wet sites and flooded conditions. Useful near water edges or low lying fields which flood in spring rains.
Post OakQuercus stellata5-9Full sun60🌎Prefers drier, well-drained soils as compared to other oaks.
Princeton ElmUlmus americana 'Princeton'2-7Full sun70🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Elm disease resistant versus other types, but not 100% disease free.
Red MapleAcer rubrum3-9Full sun60🌎Prefers wet soil conditions
Red Maple 'October Glory'Acer rubrum 'October Glory'4-9Full sun to partial shade50🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Less winter resistant than other cultivars.
Red MulberryMorus rubra4-9Full sun to partial shade60🌎Tree with dense crown and small blackberry like fruit which are not edible for humans when unripe. Ripe fruit is harmless, but can stain surfaces if left unattended.
Red OakQuercus rubra3-8Full sun70🌎Prefers acidic soil over alkaline soil conditions, some drought tolerance once established.
RedbudCercis canadensis4-9Full sun to partial shade30🌎Tolerant to most types
River BirchBetula nigra4-9Full sun to partial shade60🌎Avoid alkaline soil. Can tolerate flooding and some drought. Useful near streams.
SassafrassSassafras albidum4-9Full sun to partial shade50🌎Avoid alkaline soil, some tolerance to salt/drought. Fruit is eaten by deer and wild turkeys.
Sawtooth OakQuercus acutissima5-9Full sun50🌏Prefers acidic soil over alkaline soil conditions
Scarlet OakQuercus coccinea4-9Full sun70🌎Avoid alkaline soils for best growth
Shagbark HickoryCarya ovata4-8Full sun70🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Fruit is edible… personal opinion says that this is not worth it. Roasting is the best option.
Shellbark HickoryCarya laciniosa5-8Full sun70🌎Grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, wet and clay soils. Is generally drought tolerant once established.
Shumard OakQuercus shumardii5-9Full sun60🌎Prefers acidic soil over alkaline soil conditions
Silver MapleAcer saccharinum3-9Full sun to partial shade60🌎Prefers wet soil conditions
Sourwood (Sorrel Tree)Oxydendrum arboreum5-8Full sun to partial shade25🌎Requires acidic soil for best growth, flowers in summer
Southern Red OakQuercus falcata6-9Full sun to partial shade80🌎A faster growth but less winter resistant tree than the standard red oak.
SugarberryCeltis laevigata5-8Full sun to partial shade40🌎Similar to the common hackberry, but more disease tolerant. Height is dependent on location and light
Swamp Chestnut OakQuercus michauxii5-9Full sun50🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Similar to Chestnut Oak.
Swamp White OakQuercus bicolor4-8Full sun50🌎Avoid alkaline soils for best growth
Sweet GumLiquidambar styraciflua5-9Full sun70🌎Avoid alkaline soils for best growth. Pollution resistance is minimal.
SycamorePlatanus occidentalis4-9Full sun80🌎Prefers medium/wet soils. Air pollution tolerant. One of the most massive trees in the Eastern United States, so plan spaces accordingly.
Tulip TreeLiriodendron tulipifera4-9Full sun80🌎Avoid alkaline soil, drought-tolerant in humid regions.
Washington HawthornCrateagus phaenopyrum4-8Full sun30🌎A small tree which enjoys full sun, but has thorns (hence the name).
Water OakQuercus nigra6-9Full sun80🌎A wetland tree, tolerant of water. More common in the south, with Indiana at the upper edge of the habitable zone.
White Flowering DogwoodCornus florida5-9Full sun to partial shade25🌎Tolerant to most types. Can be short enough for under utility lines
White OakQuercus alba3-9Full sun to partial shade70🌎Intolerant of alkaline or shallow urban soil
White PinePinus strobus3-8Full sun to partial shade70🌎Tolerant to most types, but fastest growth in acidic, well-drained soils.
Willow OakQuercus phellos5-9Full sun50🌎Avoid alkaline soil, tolerates poorly drained soil better than some other oaks

Shrub Inventory – Optional

Shrubs are generally considers plants less than 20 feet in height at maximum growth.

Common NameScientific NameZonesMature Height (ft)SunNativeNotes
Allengheny ServiceberryAmelanchier laevis4-815Full sun to Partial shade🌎All serviceberries have edible fruits, but flavor depends on type. Pollinated by bees.
American BeautyberryCallicarpa americana6-106Full sun to Partial shade🌎Woody shrub that produces showy purple berry clusters along the stem in fall. Pruning old growths will encourage more flowering and berries each year. Fruits are useful for wildlife and were used by Native Americans for various ailments.
American ElderberrySambucus canadensis4-810Full sun to Partial shade🌎Avoid alkaline soils. Prefers sandy, well-drained soils. Flowers and ripened fruit are edible, there are significant risks to eating unripened or uncooked fruit.
American HazelnutCorylus americana4-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Drought tolerant. Nut production starts on eighth year from seed, and requires cross-pollination.
American PlumPrunus americana5-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎Can be shaped into a tree or shrub. Adaptable and spreading through suckers. Tree is the native plant which makes distinct fruits which are less flavorful than the domesticated species.
Arrowwood ViburnumViburnum dentatum2-810Full sun to Partial shade🌎Native shrub to most of the eastern United States, tolerant to a variety of soil types. Flowers and fruit attact butterflies, bees, and songbirds.
BayberryViburnum calesii4-75Full sun🌏Originally from Korea - a small attractive shrub that is hardy in the United States to common diseases.
Black ChokeberryAronia (Photinia) melancarpa3-85Full sun to Partial shade🌎Tolerant to most soil types. Fruit is edible but highly astringent, leading to choking and the name.
BlackberryRubus fruticosus (aggregate)5-85Full sun to Partial shade🌎Prefer moist, organically rich, slightly acidic soil for best growth and fruit production. Pruning non-flowering growth will improve plant health.
ButtonbushCephalanthus occidentalis2-315Full sun to Partial shade🌎Plant makes distinct snowball like flowers. Left alone in full sun, buttonbush can grow to near the heights of a small tree (15-20'), but is generally a smaller shrub. Does well in consistently moist soils. Flowering is less impressive on shady side of plant.
Crab AppleMalus coronaria4-820Full sun🌎Tolerant of most soil conditions, preferring acidic soil. Fruits are attractive to birds
Deciduous HollyIlex decidua5-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎Perfers average soil types – acidic organic soils. Heavier berries will be present if planted in groups.
False IndigoAmorpha fruticosa4-912Full sun to Partial shade🌎False Indigo is a native shrub of the Fabaceae (bean) family, typically found growing in moist woodlands, floodplains, and near edges of streams, ponds, or swamps.
Fragrant SumacRhus aromatica3-96Full sun to Partial shade🌎Spreading shrub which provides fall color and fruits which can support native birds and wildlife.
Gray DogwoodCornus racemosa3-815Full sun to Partial shade🌎Adapted to a wide range of soil types
High Bush CranberryViburnum tilobum2-510Partial shade🌎Fruit is edible, but will need to protect from birds who also enjoy the fruit.
InkberryIlex glabra 'Shamrock'6-106Full sun to Partial shade🌎A species of evergreen holly, but leaves are more oval than the disinctive holly form.
Kousa DogwoodCornus kousa5-820Full sun to Partial shade🌎Avoid alkaline soil
Nanking CherryPrunus tomentosa3-710Full sun🌏Tolerant to most types. Fruit bearing shrub from the plum family, but fruits look more similar to cherries.
NannyberryViburnum lentago3-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎Native Indiana shrub which can support birds and wildlife. Height in sun are significantly higher than in shady areas.
NinebarkPhysocarpus opulifolius2-88Full sun to Partial shade🌎Shrub with exfoliating bark and white flowers. Shrub can be cut down in winter to rejuvenate.
Northern BayberryMyrica pensylvanica3-710Full sun to Partial shade🌎Shrub which is tolerant to both drought and wet site conditions once established. Fixes atmospheric nitrogen.
Red BuckeyeAesculus pavia6-920Full sun to Partial shade🌎Avoid alkaline soil – ornamental tree with visual interest
Red Osier DogwoodCornus sericea2-710Full sun to Partial shade🌎Shrub grows well in wet areas, with a distinctive red stem color and white flowers for good visual interest.
Rose MallowHibiscus moscheutos5-97Full sun to Partial shade🌎Medium to large summer/fall flowers which are white with red centers. Native to wetlands and creek edges, and soil should meet similar requirements. If you have seen the flowered state, you likely know it.
Roughleaf DogwoodCornus drummondii5-815Full sun to Partial shade🌎Native to Canada and the US, tolerating both poor soil and deer browsing. Planting is best in naturalized settings or at the edges of landscapes in an informal shrub border.
Rugosa RoseRosa Rugosa 'Sandy'2-76Full sun🌏Tolerant to most soil types and conditions. Salt resistant. Hips have been used as rose hips for tea.
Sargent Crab AppleMalux sargentii4-820Full sun🌎Tolerant of most soil conditions, preferring acidic soil. Fruits are attractive to birds
Saskatoon ServiceberryAmelanchier alnifolia4-612Full sun to Partial shade🌎All serviceberries have edible fruits, but flavor depends on type. Pollinated by bees.
Silky DogwoodCornus amomum5-815Full sun to Partial shade🌎Good shrub for moist or wet areas, when left alone, this shrub may spread to form thickets. White spring flowers lead to blue fruit which birds will eat.
Smooth SumacRhus glabra3-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎Near ubiquitous shrub in the United States, forming colonies which are an important wintering food for wildlife. Shrubs have excellent color and best left to naturalized areas or erosion control.
SnowberrySymphoricarpos albus3-76Full sun🌎Spreads by suckers underground - make sure to control plant growth. Berries are used in Canada for fruits.
Speckled AlderAlhus incana3-615Full sun to Partial shade🌎Should be in partial shade to protect from heat in summer. Will grow as wide as tall.
SpicebushLindera benzoin3-812Full sun to Partial shade🌎Prefers moist, acidic soil. Leaves will will gain a reddish color when stressed. Flowering in spring.
Strawberry BushEuonymus americanus6-96Full sun to Partial shade🌎Low maintenance shrub which produces fruits that are not generally considered consumeable by humans. Fruits are a strong laxative.
Sweetbay MagnoliaMagnolia virginiana5-920Full sun to Partial shade🌎Avoid alkaline soils and can tolerate some flooding. Flowering in May/June.
Vernal WitchhazelHamamelis vernalis3-815Full sun to Partial shade🌎Sometimes called Ozark witchhazel, this shrub is a tought durable plant that works best in close to full sun. Leaf scorch can happen in hot dry summers where not afternoon shde is available. Flowers have a wide variety of colors.
White Fringe TreeChionanthus virgnicius4-915Full sun to Partial shade🌎White flowers of 6 inches in needle like clusters. Good for near homes as size is controllable.

Ancient trees are precious. There is little else on Earth that plays host to such a rich community of life within a single living organism.